Know All About Thyroid Disease- Symptoms And Causes

Thyroid Disease
Know All About Thyroid Disease

Thyroid disease is conditions which harm the thyroid organ, a butterfly-formed organ in the front of the neck. The thyroid has a significant job to direct various metabolic activities all over the body. Among different things, your metabolism influences your body's temperature, your pulse, and how well you consume calories.

The thyroid organ is situated underneath Adam's apple folded over the trachea (windpipe). Organs produce triiodothyronine (T3), which is the most dynamic hormone. Thyroid illness is a very common disorder that due to over-or under-function of the thyroid organ.

According to a recent study, an average of 20 million Americans has some type of thyroid infection whereas 42 million people in India have thyroid disorders. The study further defines 60 percent of those with thyroid disorder are uninformed of their condition.

Thyroid Interior
Thyroid Interior

What are some specific kinds of thyroid disorders

There are specific kinds of thyroid disorders that include:

Hypothyroidism: Most Common Thyroid Disorder. Hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) is a condition where the thyroid organ doesn't create enough hormones.

Hyperthyroidism: Describes excessive production of thyroid hormone, a less common condition than hypothyroidism

Goiter: Describes enlargement of the thyroid gland, regardless of the cause.

Thyroid nodules: Nodules are lumps or abnormal masses within the thyroid. Nodules can be caused by benign cysts, benign tumors, or, less commonly, by cancers of the thyroid.

Thyroid cancer= Thyroid cancer is far more common among adult women than men or youth. About 2/3 of cases occur in people under age 55.

The most common of all thyroid disorder is Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism. So let's discuss them in detail:


Likewise called underactive thyroid disorder is a very common thyroid disorder. With hypothyroidism, your thyroid organ does not make enough thyroid hormone. If you don't have enough thyroid hormone, your metabolism back off. That implies your body feels fatigued and you ends up lazy. 

In a recent study, 42 million Indians have a thyroid issue and hypothyroidism is the most widely recognized of thyroid issue in India, influencing one of every ten grown-ups. 

Hypothyroidism may not cause perceptible side effects in the beginning times. After some time, untreated hypothyroidism can cause various medical issues, for example, obesity, joint pain, and coronary illness.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism

The signs and symptoms of Hypothyroidism depend upon the intensity of the hormone deficiency. Symptoms tend to show slowly, often over a number of years.

Hypothyroidism signs and symptoms include:

1. Tiredness

2. Muscle weakness

3. Constipation

4. Dry skin

5. Obesity

6. High blood cholesterol level

7. Muscle aches, tenderness and stiffness

8. Pain, stiffness or swelling in your joints

9. Irregular menstrual periods

10. Thinning of hair

11. Slowed heart rate

12. Depression

13. Impaired memory

14. Enlarged thyroid gland (goiter)

15. swelling of face

Causes of Hypothyroidism

At the point when your thyroid doesn't deliver enough hormones, the metabolism of the body gets slow. There can be various causes, including immune system infection, hyperthyroidism medicines, radiation treatment, thyroid medical procedure, and certain prescriptions. 

Hypothyroidism results when the thyroid organ neglects to create enough hormones. Hypothyroidism might be because of various variables, including:

1. Autoimmune disorder: The autoimmune disorder known as Hashimoto's thyroiditis is one of the very well-known reasons for hypothyroidism. Immune system issue happens when the immune system produces antibodies that assault your very own tissues. 

2. Thyroid Surgery: Evacuating all or a huge segment of your thyroid organ can lessen or end hormone creation. All things considered, you'll have to take thyroid hormone forever. 

3. Radiation treatment: Radiation used to treat diseases of the head and neck can influence your thyroid organ and may prompt hypothyroidism. 

4. Drugs: Various prescriptions can add to hypothyroidism. One such drug is lithium, which is utilized to treat a certain mental issue. 

5. Pregnancy: A few ladies create hypothyroidism amid or after pregnancy (baby blues hypothyroidism), frequently on the grounds that they produce antibodies to their very own thyroid organ.

Risk factors for hypothyroidism

Although anyone can develop hypothyroidism, you're at an increased risk if you:

1. The woman above age 60

2. Thyroid disease is inherent

3. Have an autoimmune disease, such as type 1 diabetes or celiac disease

4. Undergone radioactive iodine or anti-thyroid medications

5. Have been pregnant or delivered a baby within the past six months

6. Thyroid surgery patients (partial thyroidectomy)

7. Undergone radiation therapy to your neck or upper chest       


Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) happens when your thyroid organ delivers a lot of the hormone thyroxine. 

Hyperthyroidism can quicken your body's digestion, causing unexpected weight reduction and a fast or sporadic heartbeat.

This is not so common thyroid disorder and is seen very less in thyroid patients.

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism can imitate other medical issues, which can make it hard for your specialist to analyze. It can likewise cause a wide assortment of signs and side effects, including:

1. Constant weight reduction

2. increased heartbeat - more than 100 beats per minute

3. Irregular heartbeat 

4. Increased appetite

5. Nervousness, anxiety

6. Increased sensitivity to heat 

7. Fatigue

8. Usual shaking in hands and legs

9. Sweating

10. Irregular menstrual patterns

11. muscle weakness

12. Increased trip to the bathroom

13. swelling at the base of your neck, due to an enlarged thyroid gland 

14. sleeping problem

15. thinning of the skin

16. brittle hair

Causes of Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism can be brought about by various conditions, including 

1. Graves' infection, 

2. Plummer's ailment and 

3. thyroiditis. 

Risk factors for hyperthyroidism

Risk factors for hyperthyroidism, include:

1. A family ancestry, especially of Graves' infection 

2. A personal history of certain chronic sicknesses, for example, type 1 diabetes

By and large, thyroid issue can be very much controlled with medicinal treatment and are not dangerous. A few conditions may require a medical procedure. 
Know All About Thyroid Disease- Symptoms And Causes Know All About Thyroid Disease- Symptoms And Causes Reviewed by Piyush Narayan on May 10, 2019 Rating: 5

1 comment:

  1. It is really a detailed article. Thanks for sharing such wonderful article.

    Keep on doing the good work and keep on posting. Best of luck!


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