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High Blood Pressure A Silent Killer: Causes And Symptoms

High Blood Pressure
High Blood Pressure

Blood Pressure is the measure of the power of blood pushing against blood vessel walls. High blood pressure, or Hypertension, is a condition when pulses increase to unhealthy levels. High blood pressure, is quite dangerous because it makes the work harder for the heart to pump blood out to the body and leads to solidifying of the arteries, or atherosclerosis, stroke, kidney diseases, and heart diseases.

High blood pressure normally develops over the span of several years. For the most part, you don't see any signs of high blood pressure, but even without any significant symptoms, high blood pressure can damage your body organs especially heart, eyes, and kidney. 

According to WHO, One of every three Indian grown-ups has high blood pressure. And Around the world, high blood pressure has caused 7.5 million deaths.

According to a recent report, Over A billion people overall experience the ill effects of high blood pressure. And It's anticipated to increase to 1.56 billion by 2025. It's likewise the main risk factor for cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, maternal death in pregnancy, and kidney failure.

The normal blood pressure reading is 120/80.



Causes Of High Blood Pressure 

There are two kinds of High bp. 

1. Primary High Blood Pressure

For most grown-ups, there's no recognizable reason for high bp that's why its the "silent killer". Primary high bp is also known as essential high blood pressure grows up gradually over numerous years. 

2. Secondary High Blood Pressure 

Some people tend to have high bp because of some hidden conditions. Secondary high bp tends to show up all of a sudden and cause higher bp than normal. Different conditions and medication that leads to secondary high blood pressure includes:
 
a. Sleep disorders

b. Kidney issues 

c. Adrenal organ tumors 

d. Thyroid

e. Hereditary issues

f. Certain medicines, for example, anti-pregnancy pills, cold medicines, sleeping medicines, pain-killers

g. Drugs, like, cocaine and amphetamines 


Signs and indications

Most of the people with high blood pressure will merely experience any symptoms. That is why it's known as the "silent killer".

However, when blood pressure comes to around 180/110 mmHg, it is considered to be known as a hypertensive emergency. At this stage, symptoms will appear, including: 

1. migraine 

2. nervousness 

3. vomiting 

4. diziness 

5. blurred vision 

6. nose bleeds 

7. increased heart rate

8. difficulty in breathing

9. weakness 

10. chest pain 

11. trouble relaxing

12. blood in the pee 

13. pain in your chest, neck, or ears 

Anyone who encounters these symptoms should see their doctor quickly. 


Ill effects on your body: 

The high pressure on your artery walls brought about by high blood pressure can harm your veins, as well as organs in your body. The higher your blood pressure is and the longer it stays, the greater the damage will be. 

High blood pressure can prompt ill effects on your body including: 

1. Heart attack or stroke 

High blood pressure can cause hardening and thickening of the veins (atherosclerosis), which can cause a fatal heart attack, stroke or other ill effects. 

2. Kidney faliure

High blood pressure leads to narrowing and weekning of veins in the kidneys, which deteriorates the functioning of kidneys or may even lead to kidney faliures. 

3. Heart faliure

To resist the high pressure on artries, the heart has to work much harder to pump blood to other body parts. This hard labour of heart leads to thickening of  the walls of the heart's pumping chamber (left ventricular hypertrophy). In the long run, the thickened muscle may experience serious pumping issues, which can prompt heart faliure. 

4. Aneurysm (sweeling of the artries)

Expanded blood pressure can make your veins weak and swell, shaping an aneurysm. On the off chance that an aneurysm bursts, it tends to be dangerous. 

5. Metabolic disorder

This disorder is a group of clutters of your body's digestion, including expanded abdomen perimeter; high triglycerides; low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, the "good" cholesterol; high blood pressure and high insulin levels. These conditions make you bound to create diabetes, coronary illness and stroke.

6. Memory issues

Uncontrolled high blood pressure may likewise effect your capacity to think, remember and learn. Issue with memory or understanding ideas is quite regular in individuals with high blood pressure. 

7. Vision Loss

High blood pressure leads to thickening, narrowing of veins in the eyes. This can result in severe vision issues or even permanant vision loss. 

8. Dementia (Brain stroke) 

Limited or blocked artries can constrain blood flow to the brain, prompting a specific type of dementia called vascular dementia. A stroke that to the cerebrum likewise can cause vascular dementia. 


Diagnosing high blood pressure 

Diagnosing high blood pressure is as easy as taking your blood pressure reading. 

In the event that your blood pressure is high, your doctor may ask for you to have more readings throughout a couple of days or weeks. A high blood pressure result is rarely given after just one reading. Doctor needs a continous reading to come to a final verdict. Additionally, blood pressure levels change throughout the day. 

In the event that your blood pressure stays high, your doctor will probably conduct more tests to confirm the conditions. These tests can include: 

Urine test 

Blood tests or cholesterol screening

ECG or EKG (Electrocardiography)

Ultrasound of your heart or kidneys 

These tests can enable your doctors to recognize any secondary issues causing your raised pulse. They can likewise look at the effects high blood pressure may have had on your organs. 

Amid this time, your doctor may start treating your high blood pressure. Early treatment may decrease your danger of any major harm. 


The most effective method to detect high blood pressure readings 

Two numbers make blood pressure reading: 

The normal blood pressure reading is : 120/80. It's read as "120 over 80". Where the top number or 120 is called the Systolic, and bottom number or 80 is called the Diastolic.

Five classifications characterize blood pressure readings for grown-ups: 

Healthy: The The upper reading or systolic number is 120 mm Hg and the lower reading or diastolic number is 80 mm Hg. Where mm Hg stands for a millimeter of mercury.

Elevated: The upper reading is somewhere in the range of 120 and 129 mm Hg, and the lower reading is under 80 mm Hg. 

Stage 1 high blood pressure: The upper reading is somewhere in the range of 130 and 139 mm Hg, and the lower reading is somewhere in the range of 80 and 89 mm Hg. 

Stage 2 high blood pressure: The upper reading  is 140 mm Hg or higher, and the lower reading is 90 mm Hg or higher. 

Hypertensive emergency: The upper reading  is more than 180 mm Hg, and the lower reading is more than 120 mm Hg. Blood pressure in this range requires critical medicinal consideration.



Reference

mayoclinic.org/high-blood-pressure/symptoms-causes
healthline.com/high-blood-pressure
bloodpressureuk.org/BloodPressure
High Blood Pressure A Silent Killer: Causes And Symptoms High Blood Pressure A Silent Killer: Causes And Symptoms Reviewed by Piyush Narayan on January 30, 2019 Rating: 5

3 comments:

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