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Diabetes Treatment

Diabetes Treatment
Diabetes Treatment

Following treatment specified are useful for diabetes relief or balancing blood sugar but these are not a permanent cure for diabetes. Still, the scientists are unable to find a solution for diabetes, so patients with diabetes will require treatment or medicines for the rest of their lives.

But for a relief, sticking to the following treatment course can enable diabetes patients to feel good and healthy and avoid diabetic issues later in their lives.

According to the report of the International Diabetes Federation(IDF), in 2017, an estimated 8.8 per cent of the adult population worldwide had diabetes. This figure is estimated to rise to 9.9 per cent by the year 2045.



Treatments for diabetes:


The principal thing to understand with regards to treating diabetes is your blood glucose level, which is the measure of glucose in the blood. Glucose enters the cells with the assistance of the hormone called "insulin". 

Patients with type 1 diabetes aren't able to produce insulin anymore. This implies that glucose remains in the blood and doesn't enter the cells, causing blood glucose levels to go very much high. High glucose levels can make patients with type 1 diabetes feel exhausted and ill, so their treatment plan includes keeping their glucose levels constant or at a safe range while ensuring they develop and grow normally.


Following are some most effective and proven ways people can apply in their lifestyle to get relief from type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes:



1.Insulin treatment and medicines: 

This comprises of injecting of lab-made insulin in the body and consumption of different medicines to regulate the amount of blood glucose level.


a).Insulin = Since diabetes patients aren't able to make insulin naturally, they have to get the appropriate add up to keep their glucose levels in a healthy range. Patients who have type 1 diabetes must inject insulin as a major part of their treatment, although it's not compulsory for type 2 patients as their insulin imbalance can be regulated by medicines. 

But it totally depends upon their condition. The best way to inject insulin into the body presently is by injection with a needle or with an insulin pump. Frequency and type of insulin dose changes with the patient's condition. In some cases, injections might be required multiple times every day. 


b). Metformin = Metformin is an oral medication prescribed for type 2 diabetes. It works by enhancing the tissues capability to insulin with the objective that the body uses insulin simply more effective. 

Metformin brings down the level of glucose production in the liver. The cookie point is that metformin won't cut down [roduction of glucose at all in your body. On the other hand, doctors suggest some additional lifestyle changes with the above medication, like, getting more active and performing some physical activity. 

Some of the best metformin available are Glumet 500mg from Cipla pharmaceuticals, Gluformin 500mg from Abbott.


c). Sulfonylureas = These drugs help your body to discharge more insulin than usual. Sulfonylureas signal the pancreas to release insulin and they also help the body’s cells use insulin better. Sulfonylureas are specifically meant for type 2 diabetes patients.


d). Meglitinides = These drugs work like sulfonylureas by pressuring the pancreas to discharge more insulin, yet they're quicker acting, and the term of their impact in the body is shorter. They likewise have a danger of causing low glucose level in the body, however,r this hazard is lower than with sulfonylureas.

See Also: Diabetes Symptoms And Causes



2. Eat a Healthy, Balanced Diet:

People with type 1 diabetes need major attention in their food consumption than people who don't have diabetes. They need to eat a balanced, and healthy diet and give major consideration to what they eat and when they eat it. 

They additionally need to balance their food consumption with the measure of insulin they take and their daily activity level. This is because eating a few foods will cause an increase in glucose levels than others, whereas additional insulin intake and regular exercise will make balance the glucose level. It's vital to include fiber-rich and low-fat food in their daily diet like fruits, green vegetables, and whole grains.

It's recommended for diabetes patients to eat less of animal products, carbohydrates, and desserts. The different kind and amount of food depend upon the parameter of blood sugar in the body and the condition of the patient. The most ideal method for picking the correct eating routine is to consult your doctor/dietitian, which will set up an eating routine outline for the patient with diabetes. 



3. Exercise Regularly:

Exercise is also an essential part of diabetes treatment. Regular physical movement enables to keep the glucose levels in a healthy range. It additionally can decrease the danger of other health problems that people with diabetes might probably get, like heart disease. 

A blend of exercises like aerobic activities, for example, walking, with weight training or yoga two times every week,  helps control the blood sugar level more effectively than any of the exercise alone. 

Remember that physical activity brings down blood sugar. Keep in mind to check your blood sugar level before any physical activity. You also may need to eat some snacks before practicing any physical activity to prevent lower blood sugar level, if you take diabetes medicines that bring down your blood sugar level.



4. Check Blood Sugar Levels:

Checking your blood sugar levels is another important part of your diabetes treatment plan. It lets you know, the effectiveness of other parts of your treatment- like your insulin intake and diet plan.

By keeping your blood sugar levels in a healthy range, you'll feel good and this will reduce the hazard of developing diabetes complications later in life.

Nowadays checking blood sugar are quite easy, using "blood glucose meters" or "Continuous Glucose Monitors (CGMs)". Continuous glucose monitors (CGM) is the most current approach to monitor blood glucose levels, its attached to the body using a fine needle simply pierced under the skin that checks blood glucose level every few hours or minutes. CGM's are considered to be the most advanced method to monitor blood glucose level every moment.



5. Regular medical check-ups:

Diabetes negatively affects the kidneys, eyes, heart, and pancreas. Diabetes tends to have a negative impact on the quality and flow of blood. Although some of these complications are present during elevated blood sugars levels like- dark yellow urine, nausea/vomiting, blur vision and more. 

Regular medical check-ups is yet another important step in diabetes treatment. It's recommended for patients with Type 1 diabetes to regularly consult a medical professional like- endocrinologist(diabetes specialist), ophthalmologist(eye specialist) and dietitian to help manage diabetes and to avoid the side effects of diabetes on your body. Medical teams should be well informed about the complications that you are having while diabetes.



Signs of trouble:

Despite your best efforts, sometimes problems arise during diabetes treatment like: 


1.Low glucose (hypoglycemia):

Hypoglycemia is a condition where blood sugar level drops substantially below the specified range. There are many reasons for blood glucose levels to drop which include skipping a meal, eating fewer carbohydrates than specified by your doctor, doing more physical activity than usual or injecting too much insulin. These symptoms arise blood sugar level reaches below 50 mg/dL.

To overcome- check your blood glucose level frequently, and look for signs and symptoms of low blood glucose like sweating, weakness, extra hunger, dizziness, headache, blurry vision, increased heartbeat, the problem to speak, sleepiness, confusion, and unconsciousness. 

If you're having the signs or symptoms as informed above during low blood sugar level, drink or eat something that will rapidly raise your blood sugar level, like fruit juice, glucose tablets, sweets, candies, soft drink or some other source of sugar. Test your blood sugar in 15 minutes after having some sweet supplement to make sure your blood glucose levels have normalized.



2. High blood sugar (hyperglycemia):

Hyperglycemia is a condition where the blood glucose level rises exponentially for some reasons, like eating excessively, sickness or not taking diabetes medicines. These symptoms arise blood sugar level reaches 130 mg/dl before having a meal or higher than 180 mg/dl two hours after having a meal.

To overcome- check your blood glucose level regularly, and look for signs and symptoms of high glucose level, such as a frequent visit to urinate, increased thirst, dry mouth, blurry vision, exhaustion and vomiting/nausea. On the off chance that if you have hyperglycemia, you'll have to replan your diet plan, medicines or both.



3. Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome (HHNS): 

The hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic syndrome is a condition where blood becomes thick and sweet due to sky-high blood sugar. It's more common in patients with type 2 diabetes, and it often occurs due to a disease or an infection.

HHNS occurs when blood sugar reaches higher than 600 mg/dL, and the possible signs and symptoms are- dry mouth, extraordinary thirst, fever more than 101 F (38 C), confusion, drowsiness, loss of vision, dark-colored pee. 






References:

1. diabetes.org/treatment

2. webmd.com


Diabetes Treatment Diabetes Treatment Reviewed by piyush narayan on November 08, 2018 Rating: 5

7 comments:

  1. ye post bhut hi aacha aur sbko help krne wla hai ....thanks for this post

    ReplyDelete
  2. This is really a great article. These methods will surely help me counter my diabetes.

    Thanks for such informative article.

    ReplyDelete
  3. I've been suffering from diabetes for a long time and these tips would really help me get my blood sugar in control.

    Thank you for the amazing article. Keep doing such good work

    ReplyDelete
  4. Really good tips. thanks for sharing

    ReplyDelete

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